Thursday, May 21, 2020

Cyberspace And Terrorism Communication And Security Essay

Cyberspace and Terrorism Jamie Lee National University HSE 635 Communication and Security Khatibloo Mohamad Nov 24, 2016 Abstract Around the world people no longer just communicate or interact with each another through written letters, emails or over the phone. Now people are using the World Wide Web as their main source of communication. Social media being one of the new forms of interaction people elect to use in order to communicate their thoughts, feelings and share life changes. The internet is an deep ocean filled with ways for people to socialize, stay connected and make life overall more convenient. This luxury is not available to everyone and can be taken advantage of by the wrong people (Nacos, 2016). Terrorist organizations are able to use the internet and all the available sites to their benefit, social media sites being the most popular. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Snapchat are all forms of computer-mediated technologies used for personal entertainment but is also being used by terrorists and terrorist organizations. Groups such as al-Qaida, ISIS and other terrorist organizations use social media for their benefit of recruiting future terrorist, promoting their cause, preaching their ideologies and raising funds for their terrorist operations, not to mention also spreading fear (Lohrmann, 2016). The dark web is also an area of interest terrorist like to use for their benefit where they can again raise funding and possibly recruit.Show MoreRelatedCyber Security Is A Growing Concern For Governments Around The World1296 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal Cooperation for Cyber Security Cyber Security is a growing concern for governments around the world. Cyber-attacks pose a direct threat to the security of the nations’ critical infrastructures and Information Technologies (IT) as a low-cost asymmetric warfare element. Most of these nations are aware of the vulnerability of the information technologies and the significance of protecting critical infrastructures. To counteract the threat of potentially disastrous cyber-attacks, nations’ policyRead MoreInternational Terrorism And The Security Of The United Kingdom1665 Words   |  7 Pagesinternational terrorism represents the greatest threat to the security of the United Kingdom. It will begin by defining, within the context of this essay, what is meant by the concepts of national security, terrorism and international terrorism, and how international terrorism threatens our nation through both direct and indirect means. Throughout, it will identify a snapshot of the current gamut of security threats t o the United Kingdom and analyse, through these threats, how international terrorism posesRead MoreCyber Security : The Security Of The Nation s Computer And Telecommunications Infrastructure1091 Words   |  5 PagesCyber Security can be defined as â€Å"The security of the nation’s computer and telecommunications infrastructure that include military, all forms of communications networking, electrical grids and power plants.† (Dhillon, 2013) The attacks can involve both public and private sectors including: †¢ Government Agencies †¢ Banks †¢ Power Companies †¢ Any other companies that utilizes computer and telecommunication systems. Very little research exists regarding power in information system (IS) security. HoweverRead MoreThe Department Of Homeland Security1176 Words   |  5 PagesCitizens criticize policies in national security as infringing on civil liberties, and an ongoing debate ensues over the sacrifice of civil liberties in the name of national security. The DHS continues to evolve in analyzing future threats and identifying means for the organization to meet them. The DHS’s overall mission is to, â€Å"†¦ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards.† (U.S. Department of Homeland Security 2015, np). The overall mission of theRead MoreThe Dangers Of Terrorism And Terrorism1593 Words   |  7 Pagespublic has been placed on the phenomenon of terrorism and other forms of ideological extremism and what measures can be taken to mitigate, deter, and disrupt the threat of terrorism. While the days of physical terrorist attacks and actions within the continental United States are by no means behind us, there has been an incredible shift towards the realm of cyberspace in the planning, aid, and execution of actual physical terrorist attacks. Further, cyberspace has increasingly become a target for maliciousRead More Cyberterrorism Essays1633 Words   |  7 PagesCyberterrorism Introduction Cyberterrorism is the convergence of terrorism and cyberspace. It is generally understood to mean unlawful attacks and threats of attack against computers, networks, and the information stored therein. Possibly to intimidate, influence a government or its people to further political or social gain. To qualify as cyberterrorism, an attack should result in violence against persons or property, or generate fear. Attacks that lead to death or bodilyRead MoreThe Threat Of Cyber Warfare1631 Words   |  7 PagesCenturies past and the invention of the telegraph and telephone revolutionized cyber warfare. This new technology allowed communication to become faster, enabling the outlaws less time to sabotage, intimidate, and inflict violence on their victims. Today we label outlaws, terrorists. Some might even say the telephone, along with the radio is the first invention used for cyber terrorism. The radio, with its subcomponent invention of the Morse code, kept ears to the ground listening for terroristic transmissionsRead MoreThe Similarities And Difference Between Homeland Security Vs. Homeland Security1358 Words   |  6 PagesHLSS302 D004 Spr 17 Whelehan Mid-Term Topic 1: Homeland Security and Homeland Defense, terms that are often used interchangeably, actually have somewhat different meanings as they each have a different scope. Homeland Security is a term that has come into use much more frequently following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, whereas Homeland Defense is a system that has been in place for a longer period of time. Both of these have goals that both overlap, and yet are distinctly differentRead MoreWhy Should International Law Deal With The Uncertainties Arising From The Rise Of Irregular Forms Of Warfare?1476 Words   |  6 Pagespolicies. As of now, different scholarly experts and policy makers recommend various – often conflicting strategies – for implementing a universal policy that benefits transnationally. Because cybersecurity is the newest and most unique national security issue of the twenty-first century, one highly recommended approach – which forms the bases of many popular policies  œ is to require states to adopt a universal cyber warfare doctrine. Yet, subject matter experts disagree on the effectiveness of thisRead MoreCyber Crime And Transnational Crime Essay1841 Words   |  8 PagesDue to the borderless nature of cyberspace, the perfect arena has been created for transnational crime to occur. Whether it’s an anonymous hacker infiltrating a computer network, terrorists targeting the U.S. power grid, or even the Mexican Los Zetas selling drugs on the Dark Web, cyberspace has presented itself as an attractive target for illegal activity. Any criminal act in cyberspace immediately poses a transnational security threat to practically anything comprehensible, such as: governments

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Self Monitoring Of Blood Glucose - 786 Words

4. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) NICE NG28 Type 2 Diabetes in Adult: Management7 recommends that we refer to the DVLA â€Å"At a glance guide to the current medical standards of fitness to drive† when offering SMBG to those with T2DM We should be routinely offering SMBG to those with T2DM if: †¢ The person is on insulin†¢ There is evidence of hypoglycaemic episodes†¢ The person is on an oral drug that increases the risk of hypoglycaemia whilst driving or operating heavy machinery (e.g. sulphonylureas)†¢ The person is pregnant, or planning to become pregnant†¢ It is part of a structured education programme to help patients understand their diabetes or identify asymptomatic hypoglycaemia We can also consider short-term SMBG if starting†¦show more content†¦NICE NG3 Diabetes in Pregnancy11 recommend we follow-up those with GDM as follows: †¢ Offer lifestyle advice and check a FBG at 6-13 weeks after birth in those women with GDM. D o not routinely offer an oral glucose tolerance testo Pragmatically, this could comprise part of the routine 6-week post-partum check †¢ If the FBG is ≠¥7mmol/l, a diagnosis of T2DM can be established†¢ Importantly, If the FBG is negative, the woman requires an annual HbA1C test in line with NICE Public Health Guidance 38 â€Å"Prevention of T2DM – risk identification and interventions for individuals at high risk†4 (see above)References 1. Diabetes UK State of the Nation 2016 (England): Time to take control of diabetes. Available at: Lindstrom J, Peltonen M, Eriksson JG et al. Improved lifestyle and decreased diabetes risk over 13 years: long-term follow-up of the randomised Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS). Diabetologia 2013; 56(2):284-933. NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP). Available at:Show MoreRelatedTeaching Plan 1223 Words   |  5 PagesPlan for Newly Diagnosed Diabetic PatientThe Identified Learning Need Patients with Diabetes have very comprehensive learning needs. The learning needs arefocused on managing their glucose levels and preventing complications of diabetes. Learningneeds for managing diabetes are complex and include: monitoring blood glucose levels,menu/food planning, exercise, medications, skin care, management of co-existing disease processes, knowledge of medications, knowledge of the disease process and how to managehypoRead MoreBlood Sugar and Glucose Level1699 Words   |  7 Pagestechnology in blood glucose monitoring . this will use very low current to measure glucose level from interstitial fluid , and shows the digital reading. Gluco watch works in the principal of Reverse Intophoresis based Glucose Monitoring devise ( RIGMD ). It is programmed to alert the person when the glucose level gets high or low in blood concentration . and helps the person to maintain constant glucose level . It is easy and user friendly ( David Mendosa, 2010 ) GLUCOSE MONITORING It helps theRead MorePatients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus878 Words   |  4 Pages(T2DM), promote insulin release independent of prevailing glucose value and as a result, hypoglycemia is an expected side effect. Hypoglycemia is an important complication of glucose-lowering therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus. According to the American diabetes association, hypoglycemia is defined as the abnormally low plasma glucose concentration that exposes the patient to potential harm with a proposed threshold plasma glucose value 70 mg/dL. The most common cause of hypoglycemia inRead MoreEssay Nursing Teaching Plan892 Words   |  4 Pagesabout their disease or disorder, diet, treatment, medication regimens, and self-care (Taylor, LeMone, Lillis, Lynn, 2008). In this paper, I will explain teaching plan for diabetes patient with regular insulin injection including with the purpose of plan, outcomes, behavioral objectives, and teaching method. Diabetes is a common disease, which can be a serious life-long illness caused by high level of glucose in the blood. This condition is when the body cannot produce insulin or lack of insulinRead MoreAn M-Health Application for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes1181 Words   |  5 PagesAn m-Health Application for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Product Description Though it is known that self-monitoring blood sugar level is necessary for effective self-care of type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents with diabetes require decision-support aids to effectively analyze a blood glucose result and take appropriate action to optimize glycemic control (Hood, Peterson, Rohan, Drotar, 2009). Therefore, mobile technology-based intervention can be effectively implemented to help in thisRead MoreAnalysis Of EHR950 Words   |  4 Pagesof a wearable flash-sensing glucose monitoring technology with a conventional portable method, there is no difference in the outcomes of the two methods, thus opening the way to consider wearable monitoring as a feasible alternating to portable self monitoring of gluscose due to its convenience (13). Types of sensors Based on the chemical reaction, the presence of enzyme or not, and physical properties of light several types of sensors support the detection of glucose in tears. While we won’t beRead MoreMonitoring the Glucose Level of Diabetic Patients1004 Words   |  4 PagesMonitoring of the glucose level of diabetic patients is a cornerstone of diabetes care and management. The reliability of the home based glucose monitoring devices is critically important because the whole self-care and management of diabetes depends upon it. But there is still a big question mark on the accuracy of the results of the glucose monitoring devices. The ability of currently marketed glucose monitoring systems to determine the glycemic status of the patient is not very accurate. The glucoseRead MoreParental Monitoring Of Blood Glucose1443 Words   |  6 Pagesof these complications in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The invention of Glucose Meter has changed the diabetes care by enabling patients to mo nitor their blood glucose level according to their diet, medications and activity. control of glycaemia within the established recommended values is a major therapeutic goal for diabetic patients both in the hospital and outpatient setting. Using of self monitoring of blood glucose 9SMBG0 devices will help diabetic patients detect, prevent or manage of hypo-Read MoreThe Use Of Juvenile Diabetes And Its Effects On Our Lives As Well As Their Interpersonal Relationships1426 Words   |  6 Pagescontrolling behavior has been related to poor adherence, depressed mood, and lower diabetes self-efficacy†. Having too much parental control over the child will cause them to neglect responsibility over their own sickness. Ultimately, parental support has shown much more positive results than parental control. In the area of peer support, positivity and encouragement has been attributed to a â€Å"positive self-concept, social competence, psychological well-being, and fewer problems in school among adolescents†Read MoreDiabetes Mellitus Teaching Plan Assignment1258 Words   |  6 PagesMellitus Teaching Plan Glucose Monitoring To maintain an average glucose reading you must maintain a healthy diet. Glucose monitoring must be checked before meals and before snacking on any food items or beverages that consist of carbohydrates. Glucose intake is primarily effected from your carbohydrate intake. To keep blood sugar on target and to Avoid problems with your body blood sugar readings must be at normal readings of 85-125, and fasting is 70-110. With regular monitoring you can quickly find

Girl with Balloons Free Essays

Street art has become a popular way for artists to express their ideas about society through their public displays of art. Banksy is a well known street artists that displays controversial and political artworks. Banksy work â€Å"girl with balloons† is painted on the Israeli West Bank Barrier Wall, which is a security and separation barrier which is still under construction. We will write a custom essay sample on Girl with Balloons or any similar topic only for you Order Now Which is almost considered a modern day Berlin Wall. The placement of this image is art, not the artwork itself. If Banksy had used this exact image and placed it somewhere else it wouldn’t have the same effect. Banksy intentions where to make a statement about the relationship between the two cultures. The West Bank Barrier wall is a wall that separates the Israelis from the Palestinians who are having cultural wars with each other. With the use of the young girl flying to freedom it makes people think about their freedom, whether someone who would walk past it or someone looking at it on the internet. Banksy hasn’t used any special techniques to construct his artwork, jus t simply spray cans and a stencil. Anyone could do this. Banksy artwork â€Å"girl with balloons† is simple, but is full of symbolism and meaning. The fact that in this foreign country to him he was able to illeagally put up this artwork without permission shows a sign of the lack of security. The choice of balloons is interesting. Making it seem like if only it were so simply just to float over. But to an adult if only it was that easy. A clown will use balloons to create animals and give them to children. Although lifeless and inanimate, they become somthing real to a childs imagination. Banksy has highlighted the religious troubles that are happening at the moment along the West Bank Barrier Wall. With the use of a simply yet effective artwork, banksy has doubt got people thinking. Banksy placement is the key to this image which inevitably makes it â€Å"art†. http://www. slideshare. net/UWAStudySmarter/essay-structure-for-arts-students http://www. banksy. co. uk/outdoors/index3. html http://people. southwestern. edu/~bednarb/su_netWorks/projects/jle/balloon. html http://iris. lib. neu. edu/cgi/viewcontent. cgi? rticle=1053context=honors_projects http://artradarjournal. com/2010/01/21/what-is-street-art-vandalism-graffiti-or-public-art-part-i/ http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Israeli_West_Bank_barrier THE PLACEMENT OF THIS IMAGE IS ART, NOT THE ARTWORK If the same picture was painted somwhere else it wouldn’t have the same meaning. Culture divide Young child escaping to freedom  · How have contemporary art ideas and issues challenged traditional understandings of artworks and their significance? So people may not consider street art to be art. How does the choice or presentation of subject matter or medium, materials and techniques reflect or challenge artistic or social traditions? Spray cans public property  · What is the impact of dynamic media applications and other emerging art forms on the viewer such as video, digital, projection, installation, interactive, street art, sound and performance art?  · How do these art forms differ from traditional ideas of viewing and experiencing object- based art in museums and galleries?  · How might artworks of the past take on new or different meanings, in the context of contemporary ideas and issues? How to cite Girl with Balloons, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Music and Colors free essay sample

I have an image of a girl with ponytails sitting on the couch listening to her little brother play the Twinkle variations. That girl was me. I would take out my twist-up crayons and begin to color each note, occasionally singing the pitch. Anything related to the D string usually corresponded with a shade of blue, the G with purple, the A with green, and the E with red. I still love to look at a piece of music and see all the colors swirl around in my mind. The sound they make is beautiful and clear. It is as if the rhythm is the wind blowing the colors thinner or thicker to darken or lighten them and mix them together. I often think of notes as stars; they burn with their color. When listening to a friend play a piece once, I made the mistake of asking her to make a note a deep red with the texture of a brick. We will write a custom essay sample on Music and Colors or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page My friend gave me a confused stare, so I attempted to explain. A red brick note is rougher, slightly speckled with a deep vibratoed tone, all the while remaining melodic and pure on the E string. While my explanation seemed perfectly reasonable to me at the time, I have since learned that not all musicians â€Å"see† music the way I do. I have worked to express what I mean through words in a much more effective way, although I am delighted when someone does understand what I mean through the use of color. Ten years later, that girl who once enjoyed coloring her notes in order to make her teacher understand what she saw still imagines these colors flowing whenever she encounters music. This helps me relate to the music, memorize it quickly, play expressively, and learn the most from the repertoire. Everyone must have his or her own learning tools. Identifying the tones of music with colors just happens to be mine.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Itt Tech Essays

Itt Tech Essays Itt Tech Paper Itt Tech Paper ITT Technical Institute is a for-profit technical institute with over 100 campuses in 37 states of the United States. (ITT Educational Services, Inc. Announces the Opening of its First College in West Virginia Expanding the Companys Reach into 37 State) ITT Tech is a technical college whose headquarters is based in Carmel, Indiana. (ITT Tech website) It was founded in 1946 as an educational service, Inc. It severs over 70,000 students who attend to further their education in different areas. Some students attend ITT Tech because they feel that it teaches them the skills that they need in order to obtain the degree of their choice. ITT Tech provides and gives students the opportunity to be able to train for a career rather than just a normal job. Students who attend ITT Tech get the chance at having hands on training from the instructors. ITT Tech offer associates and bachelors degrees in areas such as electronics, information, business, drafting and design, criminal justice, and health sciences. Students who decide to take classes with or through ITT Tech will have several options related to their choice of program study. The option to attend some of your classes online is also available. Online learning is available for those seeking to earn a degree by distant learning. Those who posses a busy schedule may also want to do online learning. According to the Zen College life there has been a great deal of research related to ITT Technical Institute. Some reports have shown that this school has issued the larger number of two and four year degrees related to electronics and drafting in 2000-2001. Classed attended at ITT Tech are not as big as a class at a university. This gives the students a better chance at getting one on one with the instructor. The tuition for this school varies depending on where the student will be taking classes. The type of degree will also be a determining factor in tuition cost. The course that the students decide to take will determine how long they are there as well as how long the course may be. It can cost anywhere from $25,000 to $45,000 depending on if a person qualifies for loans or grants. Tuition prices may or may not include text books and even tutoring if it is needed. It may come out to be approximately $500 a credit hour. Students that decide to go to this college have a few options related to financial aid and assistance with payment. They can apply for federal student loans through the United States Department of Education. This may include loans, grants or even work study pay for their college education. Everyone has their own way of learning and some may feel that ITT Tech will be suitable to fit in their lifestyle. It offers a flexible schedule that allows you to work part-time and even continue to be a full time parent to your children. Not all people can afford to attend a university so a school such as ITT Tech is here to help them further their education and obtain a degree in a career of their choice. Some people may see a university as being out of their league because they may not offer some of the things that a school of this sort has to offer. Although ITT Tech is a year round college students do receive breaks so that they are able to focus on any other classes that they may be taking. When choosing a college accreditation is an issue that arises among students. Some students may worry or ask if the college it accredited or not. Well in this case ITT Tech is an accredited college. Each ITT Technical Institute is authorized by the state in which it is located and is either accredited by or in the process of seeking accreditation from an accrediting agency recognized by the U. S. Department of Education. (ITT Tech. edu) Some students may wonder if they will be wasting their time with ITT Tech. according to www. faqs. org students post their views of the school and why they think that it is or is not a good choice. Some students say that the teachers are great and they feel that the information that they are getting is helpful. The teachers are on top of their work and know exactly what they are doing. Others disagree by saying that they are not learning anything from the college and they wouldn’t dare recommend it to anyone. Some students say that ITT Tech has great job placement. However when choosing a school one should always make sure that they do as much research as possible on that school and make that they are getting information the areas that are most important to them. An unhappy college student to equal failure.

Monday, March 2, 2020

What It Means When Congress Is In Recess

What It Means When Congress Is In Recess A recess of the U.S. Congress or the Senate is a temporary break in proceedings. It can be within the same day, overnight, or for a weekend or period of days. It is done instead of an adjournment, which is a more formal close of proceedings. An adjournment for more than three days requires approval by both the House and the Senate, according to the Constitution, while recesses do not have such restrictions. Congressional Recesses A Congressional session runs for one year, from January 3 to sometime in December. But Congress does not meet each and every business day of the year. When Congress has recessed, business has been put on hold. For example, Congress often holds business sessions only on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, so that legislators can visit their constituents over a long weekend that includes a work day. At such times, Congress has not adjourned but is, instead, recessed. Congress also recesses the week of a federal holiday. The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 stipulated a 30-day recess each August, except in time of war. Representatives and Senators use recess periods in many ways. Often, they are hard at work during a recess, studying legislation, attending meetings and hearings, meeting with interest groups, raising campaign funds, and visiting their district. They are not required to stay in Washington, DC, during a recess and may take the opportunity to return to their districts. During longer recesses, they may log some actual vacation time. Some are dissatisfied with the short work week typical of Congress, where many are only in town for three days of the week. There have been suggestions to impose a five-day workweek and give one week out of four off to visit their district. Recess Appointments During a recess, a President can execute a pocket-veto or make recess appointments. This ability became a bone of contention during the 2007-2008 session. Democrats controlled the Senate and they  wanted to prevent President George W. Bush from making recess appointments at the end of his term of office. Their tactic was to have pro forma sessions every three days, so they were never in recess long enough for him to exercise his recess appointment power. This tactic then was used by the House of Representatives in 2011. This time, it was the Republicans in the majority who used pro forma sessions to stay in session and prevent the Senate from adjourning for more than three days (as is provided in the Constitution). President Barack Obama was prevented from approving recess appointments. The case went to the Supreme Court when President Obama appointed three members of the National Labor Relations Board in January 2012 despite these pro forma sessions held every few days. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that this was not allowed. They said that the Senate is in session when it says its in session. Four of the justices would have restricted recess appointment powers only during the period between the end of a yearly session and the beginning of the next one.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Administrative Challenges Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Administrative Challenges - Essay Example Majority of corrections officers are employed by the government of the country they work in, although some are employed by the private sector. The roles of corrections officer can vary from one facility to another, but they usually include maintaining discipline, order, and peace within the facility, implementing the rules and regulations of the facility as well as relevant laws, transporting inmates to other correctional institutions, to courts, or into the community (for example, escorted day-pass, medical appointments, etc.), providing tactical response for hostage-takings, riots, and other ongoing crises and emergencies, providing first-response in events such as medical emergencies, fire, riots, assaults, etc., and search environs and inmates for illegal imports. On the whole, their job is to ensure the control, custody, rehabilitation, and care of persons who have been found guilty of a crime and sentenced to serve time in jail or in a prison or who have been arrested and are a waiting trial while on remand, as well as to ensure the security and safety of the facility where they operate in itself. Being a corrections officer is an honor, since one gets to serve the country and help in maintaining peace and order. Helping an inmate through the process of rehabilitation is also probably a good feeling, knowing that one has played a role in turning somebody into a better person. However, being a corrections officer is also challenging. It is undeniably one of the most stressful jobs there is. A researcher once observed that any social structure or organization which includes a group of individuals who do not want to be there and a group of individuals who see to it that they stay there is a social structure or organization under stress (Brodsky, 1982). This description fits exactly the setting of a jail or prison with inmates who do not want to be there, and corrections officers making sure that they do not escape. Numerous studies and interviews have been co nducted to know more about the stress experienced by corrections officers and the findings show that there are numerous causes of stress, either work-related or organization-related. One of the work-related causes of stress is the threat of violence among or from inmates. Another one is the actual inmate violence, which includes inmates assaulting or killing staff or other inmates, hostage-taking, inmate suicides, and riots. Actual inmate violence not only causes stress for corrections officers as it happens, but also afterwards, as the anxiety of officers is increased after critical happenings by the after effects of job insecurity, blaming, scapegoat-ing, and recriminations (Freeman, 1997). Manipulation attempts and persistent demands by some inmates are also a major source of stress for corrections officers; for example, an inmate makes additional food or cigarette requests with a promise to control other inmates or not to cause any trouble. Problems with co-workers also prove to be stressful; as a matter of fact, according to a survey, 22% or corrections officers regarded â€Å"other officers or staff† as more stressful than any other factor apart from having to deal with inmates that are difficult and aggressive (Marston, 1993). Some of the conditions that can bring about stress among co-workers include officers battling for restricted, choice assignments, improper behavior toward inmates (e.g. taking questionable disciplinary actions, becoming too